Another cause of Ball of Foot Pain is over-pronation. Over-pronation (or excess pronation) occurs in a lot of people, especially as they get older. The arches drop and feet and ankles tend to roll inwards. Excessive pronation is a major contributing cause to heel pain and heel spurs, but it also can lead to Metatarsalgia. As the longitidunal arch collapses so does the transverse arch. The transverse arch is the arch that runs across the forefoot and is formed by the 5 metatarsal bones. The bones in the foot drop and the structure of the foot is severely weakened. Morton's Neuroma presents symptoms of pain and numbness in the toes, and it occurs when the nerve between the third and fourth metatarsal bones are continuously or repeatedly compressed. Occupational hazards and your foot structure can be contributing causes. Once again, footwear is often the culprit. This is a very painful condition, and walking with the pain can aggravate the situation. Removing the shoes and rubbing the affected area may provide temporary relief, but this is not a permanent solution. In most cases, orthotic devices can provide relief. However, in more severe cases, the professional care of a podiatrist is recommended to overcome this problem. The most common emergency treatment for top of foot pain is the RICE method. This stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. It is crucial to give your foot some rest to relieve itself from the strain. Applying ice packs to the affected area will also help with blood circulation, will reduce swelling and inflammation. Compression is achieved by using bandages, and will reduce swelling and provide support to prevent further injury. Lastly elevating the foot will also minimize the swelling, with anti-inflammatory gel and oral anti-inflammatory medication usually the best choice to help reduce pain The term 'tarsal' refers to the ankle, which is an important part of the foot. As we all know the ankle is a joint that connects the lower part of the leg with the foot. The tarsal tunnel is a passage that is located within the ankle. A closer look inside the passage reveals that arteries, nerves, tendons and the veins pass through this tunnel. If any of the nerves gets compressed due to inflammation of the tendon or injuries like ankle sprain, then the condition is referred as tarsal tunnel syndrome. TTS can trigger numbness or tingling sensation on the foot. Sesamoid bones are small rounded bones that are embedded in tendons. They are seen in tendons that exert a great amount of pressure upon underlying surfaces. The kneecap, for example, is a large sesamoid bone in the quadriceps tendon. The underside of the foot near the base of the big toe typically has 2 sesamoid bones within tendons that flex the toe. Dancers and people who do a lot of jumping and landing on the balls of their feet may develop painful inflammation of the tendons surrounding these bones. The tenderness of sesamoiditis is most pronounced at the weight-bearing portion of the ball of the foot. Arthritis. Medical conditions such as gout, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, septic arthritis and tendonitis could also cause pain. Gout is caused when large amounts of uric acid gets accumulated in the joints. If uric acid gets accumulated in the ankle joint, it gives rise to pain and swelling in the ankle region. Those suffering from inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and Achilles tendonitis are also likely to suffer from pain and swelling in the ankles. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease which is associated with the wear and tear of the cartilage. Cartilage is a connective tissue that is found at the end of the bones in the joints.